The Algonquian is the primary language that the Shawnee individuals use to speak to each other. The Ohio Valley is the area that the Shawnee people were settled before the European colonialists came to disrupt their original location. Apart from Ohio Valley, there are other places such as South Carolina, Texas, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Oklahoma, and Kansas that have been confirmed as some of the other tribal territories of the Shawnee tribe. Due to population pressure, the Shawnee tribe were forced to look for alternative territories to settle in. There are some Shawnee individuals that did not relocate to Oklahoma until after the civil war. The population of Shawnee tribe was high, but it later decreased due to different reasons. There was a war that broke out and it was between the settlers and the inhabitants and that situation contributed to the decrease in the number of the Shawnee tribe. A majority of the population passed on diseases like smallpox, fever and flu from the settlers and they succumbed to the various illnesses thus leading to their decrease.
The Piqua Shawnee tribe is among the five total sub-nations that are available. The extra tribes that make up the Shawnee tribe are Kispoko, Chillicothe, Hathawekela, and Mequachake. Piqua is a term that was as a result of a man that was designated to lead a group. Clouds could be seen arising from the fire, and that was believed to be the leader. The way of life of the Shawnee has been upheld for a long time.
Tasks such as fishing, fighting battles and hunting were only for the men. Being on the farm was a task for the ladies. Apart from farming, cooking and taking care of families was done by women. Based on the season of harvest, there was a ceremony to commemorate that. The tribe relocated from one area to another, and in the course of that they intermingled with others. They in some instances traded with these tribes.
There was civil war that occurred, and when it ended, some of the tribe members went to Oklahoma. Because Piqua Shawnee is portion of the Shawnee tribe; it represents their heritage and culture. The Shawnee are scattered in various parts. There are places that the Shawnee tribe enjoys full support because the authorities in those particular countries have recognized them. There is a system of governance that this tribe enjoys and authority is bestowed to the tribal council that is made of robust individuals. The tribe is creative, and they make items like pots, wood carvings, and beads. Apart from the wampum beads being used as a means to trade, they were important in their culture and heritage.